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2021年初级口译词汇分类:教育文化词汇(1)

2021-07-28 07:09:04来源:网络

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  (大学)代理校长 Acting President

  (大学)副校长 Vice President

  (大学)校长 President/Chancellor

  (大学)专科 Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs

  (大学的)研究小组;讨论会 seminar

  (国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy

  (戏剧学院)表演系Acting Department

  (系)主任 chairman; chairperson

  (小学)校长 Head /Master

  (职工)子弟学校 school for children of workers & staff members

  (中学)校长 Principal

  爱国人士 patriotic personage

  爱国主义教育 education in patriotism

  百分制 100-mark system

  班主任Class Discipline Adviser/Head Teacher

  办学效益 efficiency in school management

  半工半读学校 part-work and part-study school

  半文盲 semiliterate; functional illiterate

  包分配 guarantee job assignments

  被授权 be authorized to do

  必修课 required/compulsory course

  毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement

  毕业鉴定 graduation appraisal

  毕业论文 thesis; dissertation

  毕业设计 graduation ceremony

  毕业生graduate

  毕业实习 graduation field work

  毕业证书 diploma; graduation certificate

  博士 doctor (Ph.D)

  博士后 post doctorate

  博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies

  补考 make-up examination

  补习学校 continuation school

  不及格fail

  材料工程系 Department of Materials Engineering

  材料科学系 Department of Materials Science

  财贸学校 finance and trade school

  财政拨款 financial allocation

  测量系 Department of Survey

  成绩单 school report; report card; transcript

  成人教育 adult education

  成人学校 adult school

  成人夜校 night school for adults

  成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的劳动者 to become working people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline

  初等教育 elementary education

  初中 junior middle school

  辍/失学青少年 school dropout/leaver

  大学肆业生 undergraduate

  德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

  低年级学生 lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades

  地理系 Department of Geography

  地球物理系 Department of Geophysics

  地质系 Department of Geology

  电机工程系 Department of Electrical Engineering

  电机制造学校 electrical machinery school

  电力学校 electric power school

  电视大学 T.V. university

  电子系 Department of Electronics

  雕塑系 Department of Sculpture

  定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers

  东方语言学系 Department of Oriental Languages & Literature

  动物学系 Department of Zoology

  动员 mobilize

  短训班 short-term training course

  多学科的 multi-disciplinary

  俄语系 Department of Russian

  发挥学生主动性、创造性 to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness

  法律系 Department of Law

  法语系 French Language Department

  反复灌输 inculcate

  纺织工程系 Department of Textile Engineering

  纺织航海学校 textile machinery school

  分数 mark; grade

  分校 branch school

  服务性行业 service trade

  辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work

  附中 attached middle school

  附属中学 attached middle school

  副教授 associate professor

  副修minor

  副主任 vice-chairman

  岗位培训 undergo job-specific training

  高等教育 higher/tertiary education

  高等学校 institution of higher education

  高年级学生 upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades

  高中 senior middle school

  工程物理系 Department of Engineering Physics

  工业大学 polytechnic university

  工业工程系 Department of Industrial Engineering

  工业管理系 Department of Industrial Management

  工业设计系 Department of Industrial Design

  工业学院 engineering institute

  公费生 government-supported student

  公开课 open class

  共产主义道德品质 communist ethics

  共产主义教育 education in communism

  管理科学系 Department of Management Science

  广播电视大学 television and radio broadcasting university

  国画系 Department of Tradition Chinese Painting

  国际关系系 Department of International Relations

  国际经济系 Department of International Economics

  国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization

  国际贸易系 Department of International Trade

  国际文化交流 intercultural communication

  国际政治系 Department of International Politics

  国际主义教育 education in internationalism

  国家发明奖 National Invention Prize

  国家教育经费 national expenditure on education

  国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology

  国家统计局 the State Statistical Bureau

  国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences

  海洋学系 Department of Oceanography

  函授大学 correspondence college

  航海系 Department of Navigation

  河流港湾工程系 Department of River & Harbor Engineering

  护理系 Department of Nursing

  护士学校 nurses' school

  化工学校 chemical engineering school

  化学系 Department of Chemistry

  环境工程学系 Department of Environmental Engineering

  会计系 Department of Accounting

  会计学校 accountant school

  伙食补助 food allowance

  伙食费 board expenses

  机械工程系 Department of Mechanical Engineering

  基本框架 basic framework

  基础科学 the fundamentals

  基础课 basic course

  基金会 foundation

  及格pass

  集体主义教育 education in collectivism

  计算机学系 Department of Computer Science

  记者招待会 press conference

  技工学校 school of technology

  寄宿生boarder

  家业经济系 Department of Agricultural Economics

  假期工作vacation jobs

  坚持社会主义方向 to keep to the socialist orientation

  兼职教授 Part-time Professor

  建筑工程系 Department of Architectural Engineering

  建筑工程学校 building engineering school

  建筑学 Department of Architecture

  讲师 Lecturer/Instructor

  奖励 rewards

  奖学金scholarship

  奖学金生 prize fellow

  教材编写组 Teaching Materials Writing Group

  教导主任 Director of Teaching and

  教师进修学校 teachers' college for vocational studies

  教授 professor

  教书育人 to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge

  教务长 Dean/Director of Teaching Affairs, dean of studies

  教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching, research, and production

  教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

  教学内容 content of courses

  教学人员 the faculty; teaching staff

  教学组 teaching group

  教研室/组 teaching and research section/group

  教研室主任 Head of the Teaching and Research Section

  教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。 Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectually and physically.

  教育部 Ministry of Education

  教育程度educational background

  教育方针 guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education

  教育投入 input in education

  教育系 Department of Education

  教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来 Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future

  教员休息室 staff room; common room

  教职员 teaching and administrative staff

  结合、使加入 incorporate

  解剖学 Department of Anatomy

  进修班 class for advanced studies

  进修课程refresher course

  经济(学)系 Department of Economics

  经济管理系 Department of Economic Management

  考古学系 Department of Archaeology

  考试examination

  客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor

  课程 course; curriculum

  课程包括curriculum included

  课程表 school timetable

  课程重点部分educational highlights

  课堂讨论 class discussion

  课外辅导 instruction after class

  课外活动extracurricular activities

  课外阅读 outside reading

  矿冶系 Department of Mining and Metallurgy

  昆虫学系 Department of Entomology

  理工科大学 college/university of science and engineering

  理科大学 university of science

  历史系 Department of History

  燎原计划 the Prairie Fire Program

  林学系 Department of Forestry

  领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student

  留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down

  留学生 international student

  聋哑学校 school of deaf-mutes

  旅游管理系 Department of Tourist Management

  论文导师 supervisor

  盲人学校 school for the blind/ blind men‘s school

  美术学院 academy of fine arts

  民办学校 private school

  名誉教授 Honorary Professor

  母校 Alma Mater

  年龄段(层)age bracket

  农学系 Department of Agriculture

  农学院 agricultural college

  农业大学 agricultural university

  农业中学 agricultural middle school

  旁听生(美)auditor

  旁听生(英)guest student

  培养独立分析问题和解决问题的能力 to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently

  培养学生自学能力 to foster the students' ability to study on their own

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