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母亲节的由来(双语)

2018-05-11 17:52:17 来源:网络英语资料下载

  母亲节就要到了,母爱是这个世界上最伟大的爱,也是最无私的爱,在忙碌的日子里不要忘了给我们亲爱的妈妈送上我们作为儿女的最最诚挚的祝福和问候,今天新东方在线小编就来给大家分享一下母亲节的由来,更多母亲节相关资讯欢迎大家随时关注新东方在线英语学习网。

  现代的母亲节起源于美国,由安娜·贾维斯(Anna Jarvis,1864-1948年)发起,她终身未婚,一直陪伴在母亲身边。安娜·贾维斯的母亲心地善良,极富同情心,她提出应设立一个纪念日来纪念默默无闻做出奉献的母亲们,可是这个愿望尚未实现她就逝世了。她的女儿安娜·贾维斯于1907年开始举办活动,申请将母亲节成为一个法定节日。节日于 1908年5月10日在美国的西弗吉尼亚和宾夕法尼亚州正式开始。

  1911年,庆祝母亲节的活动已经开展得非常广泛,不仅席卷美利坚合众国的每一个州,而且连加拿大、墨西哥和南美的一些国家也都开始庆祝这个节日。美利坚合众国人还把宣传母亲节的传单用十种不同文字印发到各国去,以便扩大影响。此后几年中,庆祝母亲节运动的热潮有增无已。1912年,美利坚合众国专门成立了母亲节国际协会。1913年5月,美利坚合众国众议院一致通过决议,号召总统以及内阁、参众两院和联邦政府的一切官员一律在母亲节佩戴白色石竹花。1914年,美利坚合众国国会正式命名5月的第二个星期日为母亲节,并要求总统发布宣言,号召政府官员在所有的公共建筑物上悬挂国旗。紧接着,威尔逊总统昭告全国公民也在自己的住宅上挂国旗以表达人们对美利坚合众国全体母亲的热爱和尊敬。此后美利坚合众国总统每年都要发表一篇内容相同的宣言。

  1913年,美国国会确定将每年5月的第二个星期日作为法定的母亲节,并规定这一天家家户户都要悬挂国旗,表达对母亲的尊敬。而安娜·贾维斯的母亲生前最爱的康乃馨也就成了母亲节的象征。

  The second Sunday in May has been set aside in honor of motherhood. Many churches have special services in which they honor Mothers of the congregation. They usually present the oldest Mom, youngest Mom, and Mom with the most children a corsage.

  There is a custom of wearing a carnation on Mother's Day. A colored carnation means that the person's Mother is living. A white carnation indicates that a person's mom is dead.

  Years ago, England observed what they called Mothering Sunday. It came in Mid-Lent.

  The first suggestion for a day set aside to honor Mothers was made by Julia Ward Howe. She suggested that it be observed on June 2, as a day dedicated to peace.

  Julia was born in 1819 in New York to a prominent family. She was an American writer, lecturer, and reformer. She was known as one of the most famous women of her time. She wrote "The Battle Hymn of the Republic", which was inspired when she visited military camps in Washington, D.C., during the Civil War in 1861. It became the major war song of the union forces.

  Julia became interested in the women's movement. She became the first president of the New England Woman Sufferage Association.

  Three years after Frank Hering of Indiana launched his campagin for observance of Mother's Day in 1904, Anna Jarvis began a campaign to a nationwide obervance of Mother's Day. She chose the second Sunday in May. S he also began the custom of wearing the carnation.Jarvis' own Mother was honored on the first service at Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton,West Virginia, on May 10, 1908. Later, at the general assembly in 1912, a delegate from Andrews Church introduced a resolution recognizing Jarvis as the founder of Mother's Day, and suggested that Mother's Day be observed on the second Sunday in May.President Woodrow Wilson signed a joint resolution in Congress on May 9, 1914, recommending that the federal government observe Mother's day. The next year, the president was authorized to proclaim an annual holiday.

 

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