双语新闻:五十年深化同联合国合作 协力构建人类命运共同

2022-01-25 18:25:53来源:求是

  五十年深化同联合国合作 协力构建人类命运共同体

  China and the United Nations: Deepening Cooperation over Five Decades and Jointly Building a Community with a Shared Future for Mankind

  杨洁篪

  Yang Jiechi

  今年是中华人民共和国恢复联合国合法席位50周年。10月25日,中国隆重纪念这一历史性事件,习近平主席在中华人民共和国恢复联合国合法席位50周年纪念会议上发表重要讲话,指出新中国恢复在联合国合法席位以来的50年,是中国和平发展、造福人类的50年。这50年,中国人民始终发扬自强不息精神,在风云变幻中把握中国前进方向,书写了中国以及人类发展的壮阔史诗。这50年,中国人民始终同世界各国人民团结合作,维护国际公平正义,为世界和平与发展作出了重大贡献。这50年,中国人民始终维护联合国权威和地位,践行多边主义,中国同联合国合作日益深化。习近平主席强调,让我们携起手来,站在历史正确的一边,站在人类进步的一边,为实现世界永续和平发展,为推动构建人类命运共同体而不懈奋斗!习近平主席的重要讲话,以深邃的历史眼光回顾了新中国同联合国并肩携手、风雨同行的50年,以宏阔的全球视野指明了世界和平发展、人类团结进步的前行方向。国际社会反响热烈积极,高度评价新中国恢复联合国合法席位的划时代意义,盛赞中国50年来全面参与和支持联合国事业、坚定践行多边主义、持续为世界和平与发展作出历史性贡献,高度赞同习近平主席提出的新时期发展中国同联合国合作新主张,期待中国为推动全球治理进程、促进人类进步事业继续发挥重要作用。

  This year marks the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the lawful seat of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in the United Nations (UN). On October 25, China solemnly commemorated this historic event. President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the conference marking the 50th anniversary of the restoration of the lawful seat of the PRC in the UN. He noted that the past five decades since New China restored its lawful seat in the UN have witnessed China’s peaceful development and its dedication to the welfare of all humanity. For these 50 years, the Chinese people have demonstrated an untiring spirit and kept to the right direction of China’s development amidst changing circumstances, thus writing an epic chapter in the development of China and humanity. For these 50 years, the Chinese people have stood in solidarity and cooperation with people around the world and upheld international fairness and justice, contributing significantly to world peace and development. For these 50 years, the Chinese people have upheld the authority and sanctity of the UN and practiced multilateralism, and China’s cooperation with the UN has deepened steadily. President Xi Jinping stressed, “Let us join hands, stand on the right side of history and the side of human progress, and work tirelessly for the lasting and peaceful development of the world and for building a community with a shared future for mankind!” President Xi Jinping’s important speech carried out an insightful, historical review of the extraordinary journey jointly taken by New China and the UN over the past 50 years and, with a broad, global vision, pointed the way forward for peace and development of the world and solidarity and progress of all humanity. The international community responded warmly and positively to the speech, spoke highly of the epoch-making significance of the restoration of New China’s lawful seat in the UN, and applauded China’s all-round participation and full support for the work of the UN, its steadfast commitment to multilateralism and sustained, historic contribution to world peace and development throughout the last 50 years. The international community widely echoed President Xi Jinping’s new propositions for China-UN cooperation in the new era and expressed the hope that China will continue to play an important role in driving the global governance process and promoting the cause of human progress.

  新中国成立以来,我们始终坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,坚持走和平发展道路,为维护世界和平与发展作出重要贡献。党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央深刻把握新时代中国和世界发展大势,在对外工作上进行一系列重大理论和实践创新,形成了习近平外交思想,为我国对外工作提供了根本遵循和行动指南。习近平外交思想的核心要义之一,就是坚持以维护世界和平、促进共同发展为宗旨推动构建人类命运共同体,这为中国同联合国的合作提供了重要机遇,开辟了广阔前景。在习近平主席倡议和推动下,中国推动建设新型国际关系,构建人类命运共同体,推动共建“一带一路”高质量发展,积极推动全球抗疫合作,始终如一坚守联合国理想,支持多边主义,同世界各国一道,团结在联合国旗帜下,促进世界和平与发展。回首来时路,展望新征程,中国同联合国合作的成就卓著、前途远大。

  Since the founding of New China, we have always pursued an independent foreign policy of peace, stayed committed to the path of peaceful development, and made important contributions to world peace and development. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has, with a keen grasp of the prevailing trends in domestic and international development in the new era, engaged in a series of major innovations in the theory and practice of China’s external work, and formed Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy, which provides the fundamental philosophy and guide to action for China’s external work. One of the core tenets of Xi Jinping Thought on Diplomacy is to advance the building of a community with a shared future for mankind with the purpose of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development. This has provided important opportunities and opened up vast prospects for cooperation between China and the UN. Under President Xi Jinping’s initiative and stewardship, China is striving to foster a new type of international relations, build a community with a shared future for mankind, pursue high-quality Belt and Road cooperation, and enhance global cooperation on COVID response. China has held fast to the ideals of the UN, supported multilateralism, and stood together with the countries of the world under the UN flag to promote global peace and development. Looking back on the path travelled and looking forward to the journey ahead, China’s cooperation with the UN has made enormous achievements and will achieve still more in the future.

  一、50年中国同联合国合作取得重要成就

  I. Five decades of cooperation between China and the UN has yielded significant achievements.

  1971年10月25日,第二十六届联合国大会以压倒性多数通过第2758号决议,决定恢复中华人民共和国在联合国的一切权利,承认中华人民共和国政府代表是中国在联合国的唯一合法代表。这是对新中国和联合国都具有重大历史意义的事件,这标志着占世界人口四分之一的中国人民从此重新走上联合国舞台,也标志着联合国真正成为最具普遍性、代表性、权威性的国际组织。自此,中国的发展进步同世界的繁荣福祉紧紧联系在一起。

  On October 25, 1971, the 26th Session of the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758 with an overwhelming majority. The resolution decided to restore all lawful rights of the PRC in the UN, and recognized the representatives of the Government of the PRC as the only lawful representatives of China to the UN. It was a momentous and historic event for both New China and the UN, as it marked the return of the Chinese people, or one quarter of humanity, back to the UN stage, and signified that the UN had truly become the most universal, representative and authoritative international organization. That was a day from which China’s development and progress has been truly connected with the prosperity and wellbeing of all in the world.

  50年来,中国人民在中国共产党坚强领导下,依靠自己勤劳的双手,在新中国成立以来国家建设和发展的基础上,开启了改革开放历史新时期,成功开创和发展中国特色社会主义,不断解放和发展生产力。进入新时代,经过持续奋斗,中国人民在中华大地上实现了全面建成小康社会的第一个百年奋斗目标,历史性地解决了绝对贫困问题,正在意气风发向着全面建成社会主义现代化强国的第二个百年奋斗目标迈进,迎来了中华民族伟大复兴的光明前景。中国的发展为世界提供了重要机遇,为联合国事业提供了强劲动力。50年来,无论国际形势如何发展,世界格局如何演变,中国始终践行对联合国的支持和承诺,中国人民始终致力于为世界和平与发展事业作出不懈努力和重要贡献。

  Over the last 50 years, under the strong leadership of the CPC, the Chinese people have, by relying on their own hard work and building on achievements in national construction and development since the founding of New China, started the new historical era of reform and opening-up, successfully initiated and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics, and continued to unleash and develop productivity. Through continuous hard work in this new era, the Chinese people have attained the First Centenary Goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects on the vast land of China, secured a historic success in eradicating absolute poverty, embarked on a new journey toward the Second Centenary Goal of fully building a modern socialist country and opened up broad prospects for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China’s development has provided important opportunities for the world and strong impetus to the UN’s cause. Over the past 50 years, no matter how the international landscape and global dynamics have evolved, China has always provided strong support and honored its commitment to the UN, and the Chinese people have made untiring efforts for and important contribution to peace and development of the world.

  中国始终坚持为世界谋大同的精神,推动人类进步事业。习近平主席指出,我们应该大力弘扬和平、发展、公平、正义、民主、自由的全人类共同价值,共同为建设一个更加美好的世界提供正确理念指引。我们应该携手推动构建人类命运共同体,共同建设持久和平、普遍安全、共同繁荣、开放包容、清洁美丽的世界。联合国宪章倡导各国人民“力行容恕,彼此以善邻之道,和睦相处”,“用是发愤立志,务当同心协力,以竟厥功”。中国与联合国共同致力于探索人类更美好的前途命运。

  China has always been committed to pursuing world harmony and advancing human progress.

  President Xi Jinping has pointed out that we should vigorously advocate humanity’s common values of peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and freedom, and work together to provide the right guiding philosophy for building a better world. We should jointly promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and work together to build an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity. The UN Charter calls on people in all countries to “practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors” and to resolve to combine efforts to accomplish the aims set out in the UN Charter. China and the UN have been jointly committed to seeking a better future for humanity.

  中国领导人多次在联合国阐释重大理念主张。1974年,时任国务院副总理邓小平出席联合国大会第六届特别会议,阐释毛泽东主席提出的划分“三个世界”理论和中国对外关系原则。2000年,时任国家主席江泽民出席联合国千年首脑会议,提出建立公正合理的国际政治经济新秩序的主张。2005年,时任国家主席胡锦涛出席联合国成立60周年首脑会议,提出和谐世界理念。特别是党的十八大以来,习近平主席多次在联合国深刻阐释构建人类命运共同体重要理念。2015年,习近平主席出席联合国成立70周年系列峰会,就构建人类命运共同体提出“五位一体”的总体路径。2017年,习近平主席在联合国日内瓦总部发表演讲,进一步提出建设“五个世界”的总体布局。2020年,习近平主席出席联合国成立75周年系列高级别会议,旗帜鲜明阐述中国将坚定奉行多边主义,坚定维护联合国权威,坚定走和平发展、合作共赢道路,坚定推动构建人类命运共同体等原则立场。2021年,习近平主席在第七十六届联合国大会发表重要讲话,呼吁国际社会坚定信心,携手应对全球性威胁和挑战,推动构建人类命运共同体,共同建设更加美好的世界。

  Chinese leaders have articulated major concepts and propositions at the UN on multiple occasions. In 1974, Deng Xiaoping, then Vice Premier of the State Council, attended the Sixth Special Session of the UN General Assembly, where he expounded on Chairman Mao Zedong’s “three worlds” theory and the principles guiding China’s foreign relations. In 2000, then President Jiang Zemin attended the UN Millennium Summit, where he put forward the idea of building a new international political and economic order that is just and equitable. In 2005, then President Hu Jintao attended the Summit on the 60th Anniversary of the UN, where he put forward the concept of a harmonious world. In particular, since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, President Xi Jinping has spoken at the UN on multiple occasions about the important vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind. In 2015, President Xi Jinping attended the high-level meetings marking the 70th anniversary of the UN where he outlined from five aspects the path for building a community with a shared future for mankind. In 2017, President Xi Jinping made a speech at the UN Office at Geneva in which he further expounded on the overall vision for shaping a better world along five lines of effort. In 2020, President Xi Jinping attended the high-level meetings marking the 75th anniversary of the UN, where he stated unequivocally China’s principled position and firm commitment to multilateralism, to upholding the authority of the UN, to following the path of peaceful development and win-win cooperation, and to building a community with a shared future for mankind. In 2021, President Xi Jinping gave an important speech at the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly, calling on the international community to bolster confidence and jointly address global threats and challenges, and work together to build a community with a shared future for mankind and a better world for all to live in.

  新中国自成立伊始就把本国利益同人类命运和世界各国共同利益结合在一起。我们奉行独立自主的和平外交政策,主张在和平共处五项原则基础上同各国和平共处和友好合作,这就意味着中国在维护和实现本国利益的同时,不仅不会损害别国利益,而且还会在维护世界和平的前提下,促进各国共同利益的发展。这是中国的国家性质决定的。联合国大会、联合国安理会、联合国社会发展委员会、联合国人权理事会等多项决议写入“构建人类命运共同体”、“以人民为中心”等理念,彰显出中国负责任大国作用。

  Since it was founded, New China has, while pursuing interests for its own people, stayed committed to the well-being of humanity and shared interests of all countries. We follow an independent foreign policy of peace, and advocate peaceful coexistence and friendly cooperation with other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. This means that as China works to safeguard and achieve its own interests, it does not seek to undermine the interests of other countries, but to promote the shared interests of all countries while upholding world peace. This is determined by the very nature of China as a state. The visions such as “building a community with a shared future for mankind” and “a people-centered philosophy” have been written into resolutions of the UN General Assembly, Security Council, Commission for Social Development, and Human Rights Council, clearly illustrating China’s role as a major responsible country in the world.

  中国始终坚持联合国在国际事务中发挥核心作用。习近平主席强调,我们应该坚决维护联合国权威和地位,共同践行真正的多边主义。习近平主席在第七十六届联合国大会讲话时指出,世界只有一个体系,就是以联合国为核心的国际体系;只有一个秩序,就是以国际法为基础的国际秩序;只有一套规则,就是以联合国宪章宗旨和原则为基础的国际关系基本准则。联合国宪章载明,出席1945年旧金山会议并签署联合国宪章者为创始会员国,其他爱好和平并接受宪章义务者为会员国。今天的联合国共有193个会员国,是最具普遍性、代表性、权威性的国际组织。中国与联合国共同致力于捍卫联合国宪章宗旨和原则。

  China has always been committed to upholding the central role of the UN in international affairs.

  President Xi Jinping has stressed that we should resolutely uphold the authority and standing of the UN and work together to practice true multilateralism. Speaking at the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly, President Xi Jinping underscored that in the world, there is only one international system, i.e. the international system with the UN at its core; there is only one international order, i.e. the international order underpinned by international law; and there is only one set of rules, i.e. the basic norms governing international relations underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. The UN Charter clearly stipulates that the original members of the UN shall be the states which have participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco in 1945 and signed the Charter, and membership is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the Charter. Today, the UN has 193 member states, making it the most universal, representative and authoritative international organization. China and the UN have been jointly committed to defending the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.

  中国始终坚定维护联合国权威,坚定维护联合国在国际事务中发挥核心作用。中国主张高举真正的多边主义旗帜,坚持国际上的事要由大家商量着办,世界前途命运应由各国共同把握,推动全球治理体系朝着更加公正合理的方向发展。坚决反对绕开联合国搞针对别国的小集团、小联盟、小圈子,绕开安理会对其他国家动用武力、实施制裁、干涉内政,坚决反对以多边之名行单边之实的“伪多边主义”,坚决反对一切形式的霸权主义和强权政治。

  China has always firmly upheld the authority of the UN and its central role in international affairs. China stands for holding high the banner of true multilateralism, and believes that global affairs should be handled through consultation and the future of the world should be decided by all countries working together. Efforts are needed to make the global governance system more just and equitable. China stands firmly opposed to the practice of bypassing the UN to form small groups, alliances or circles targeted at other countries, and of bypassing the Security Council to use force, impose sanctions or interfere in other countries’ internal affairs. China is firmly opposed to false multilateralism which is the practice of unilateralism in the name of multilateralism, and to hegemonism and power politics in all their manifestations.

  中国积极参与联合国各领域工作,以实际行动支持联合国各项事业发展。历任联合国秘书长30多次应邀访华,高度评价中国为联合国事业所作卓越贡献,共同推动中国同联合国合作不断走深走实。2015年9月,习近平主席出席联合国成立70周年系列峰会期间宣布设立中国—联合国和平与发展基金。迄今共向基金供资1.2亿美元,启动开展112个合作项目,为联合国和平与发展工作提供助力。2020年9月,习近平主席在出席联合国成立75周年系列高级别会议期间,宣布中国—联合国和平与发展基金将在2025年到期后延期5年。中国自2019年起成为联合国会费第二大出资国,推动联合国资金和资源更多投向发展中国家关切领域。推动多名中国籍人士担任联合国专门机构负责人、秘书长特别代表、驻地协调员等,为联合国事业贡献中国智慧、中国人才。

  China has actively participated in all areas of the UN’s work and supported its various endeavors through concrete actions. Successive UN Secretaries-General have paid more than 30 visits to China upon invitation, and all have commended China’s outstanding contribution to UN endeavors. Through concerted efforts, China and the UN have engaged in ever more in-depth and substantive cooperation. In September 2015, President Xi Jinping announced the establishment of the China-UN Peace and Development Fund when attending the high-level meetings marking the 70th anniversary of the UN. To date, China has put US$120 million into the fund and launched 112 cooperation projects through the fund to contribute to UN peace and development efforts. When attending the high-level meetings marking the 75th anniversary of the UN in September 2020, President Xi Jinping announced that the fund would be extended by five years after it expires in 2025. China has been the second largest financial contributor to the UN since 2019, and has advocated channeling more UN funding and resources to fields of particular care for developing countries. China has recommended a number of Chinese nationals to UN posts including heads of specialized agencies, special representative of the Secretary-General and resident coordinators, thus contributing Chinese wisdom and talent to UN endeavors.

  中国始终坚持维护世界和平与安全。习近平主席指出,中国人民热爱和平。中华民族传承和追求的是和平和睦和谐理念。我们从未主动挑起过一场战争,从未侵占过别国一寸土地。我们过去没有,今后也不会侵略、欺负他人,不会称王称霸。联合国宪章扉页载明创建联合国之根本目的——“欲免后世再遭今代人类两度身历惨不堪言之战祸”,为达此目的,“集中力量,以维持国际和平及安全”。维护世界和地区和平稳定发展是国际社会的普遍呼声和要求。同时也要看到,世界各地仍有战乱动荡,霸权主义和强权政治阴影犹存,国际安全形势中的不稳定不确定因素未减。中国与联合国共同致力于实现“国际和平与安全”的世代期盼。

  China has always been committed to safeguarding world peace and security.

  President Xi Jinping has stated that the Chinese people are peace-loving people. The Chinese nation has always carried forward and pursued the vision of peace, amity and harmony. China has never provoked a war or occupied an inch of foreign territory. China has never and will never invade or bully others, or seek dominance or hegemony. The founding goal of the UN is written clear on the first page of its Charter: “to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind” and, for this purpose, “to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security.” Safeguarding global and regional peace, stability and development answers the shared call and aspiration of the international community. Meanwhile, it is important to note that conflict and turmoil still exist in parts of the world, that the shadow of hegemonism and power politics still lingers, and that destabilizing factors and uncertainties affecting global security have not subsided. China and the UN have been jointly committed to realizing the long-cherished aspiration of international peace and security.

  作为安理会常任理事国,中国始终高举政治解决旗帜,倡导对话协商化解分歧,积极支持联合国依据授权开展斡旋努力,切实捍卫国际公平正义。中国坚持不干涉内政原则,坚决反对在国际事务中动辄使用或威胁使用武力,积极参与朝鲜半岛核、伊朗核、伊拉克、阿富汗、缅甸、中东、叙利亚、利比亚、苏丹、南苏丹等重大国际和地区问题的解决,不断探索和实践具有中国特色的解决问题之道。自1990年以来,中国已向近30项联合国维和行动派出维和人员5万余人次。目前有2200余人在联合国8个任务区执行任务,在五个常任理事国中名列第一。已组建8000人规模维和待命部队和300人规模常备维和警队,成为联合国维和待命部队中数量最多、分队种类最齐全的国家。中国加入20多个国际军控条约及机制,全面履行各项条约义务,坚定维护多边军控条约权威性和有效性。中国为达成和维护伊朗核问题全面协议作出重要贡献,建设性介入解决叙利亚化武问题,为国际安全治理贡献中国方案。

  As a permanent member of the Security Council, China has always held high the banner of political settlement and advocated disputes resolution through dialogue and consultation. It has actively supported the UN in carrying out authorized mediation efforts to effectively defend international fairness and justice. China adheres to the principle of non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs and resolutely opposes the willful use or threat of force in international affairs. China has actively participated in the resolution of major international and regional issues such as the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue, the Iranian nuclear issue and the issues of Iraq, Afghanistan, Myanmar, the Middle East, Syria, Libya, Sudan and South Sudan, and explored and practiced ways with distinct Chinese features for the settlement of these issues. Since 1990, China has assigned more than 50,000 personnel to some 30 UN peacekeeping operations. Currently, more than 2,200 Chinese peacekeepers are on active duty in eight UN mission areas, more than any other permanent member of the Security Council. China has established a standby force of 8,000 troops and a permanent police squad of 300 troops for peacekeeping, making China the country with the biggest standby force and most varieties of contingents among UN member states. China has acceded to more than 20 international arms control treaties and mechanisms, and has fully complied with all treaty obligations to firmly uphold the authority and effectiveness of multilateral arms control treaties. China has contributed significantly to concluding and preserving the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian nuclear issue, and constructively engaged in seeking a solution to the issue of chemical weapons in Syria, delivering China’s proposals for global security governance.

  中国始终坚持通过自身发展促进全球共同发展。习近平主席强调,我们应该坚持互利共赢,共同推动经济社会发展更好造福人民。习近平主席在第七十六届联合国大会上提出全球发展倡议,希望各国共同努力,克服新冠肺炎疫情对全球发展的冲击,加快落实联合国2030年可持续发展议程,构建全球发展命运共同体。联合国宪章的重要目标之一就是“运用国际机构,以促成全球人民经济及社会之进展”。中国与联合国共同致力于促进更高质量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持续、更为安全的发展。

  China has always been committed to advancing global development through its own development.

  President Xi Jinping has stressed that we should stay committed to mutual benefit and win-win results, and work together to promote economic and social development for the greater benefit of our peoples. At the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly, President Xi Jinping proposed the Global Development Initiative, calling on countries to work together to overcome the impact of COVID-19 on global development, to accelerate implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to build a global community of development with a shared future. One of the important goals stated in the UN Charter is “to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples.” China and the UN have been jointly committed to promoting development with a higher level of quality, efficiency, equity, sustainability and security.

  中国积极参与联合国发展领域工作,有力推动国际发展合作。我们高举发展旗帜,深入参与联合国经济发展领域工作,全面落实千年发展目标,积极参与全球可持续发展议程。我们坚持发展优先,推动将发展置于全球宏观政策框架的突出位置,提出以公平、开放、全面、创新为核心要素的发展理念,致力于构建更加平等均衡的全球发展伙伴关系。我们倡导构建开放型世界经济,维护以世界贸易组织为核心的多边贸易体制。我们宣布一系列推动国际发展合作举措,包括未来3年内再提供30亿美元国际援助,用于支持发展中国家抗疫和恢复经济社会发展,设立南南合作援助基金、中国—联合国粮农组织南南合作信托基金,设立国际发展知识中心,免除有关发展中国家政府间无息贷款债务,力争到2030年将对最不发达国家投资增至120亿美元等。积极支持联合国在华设立联合国地理信息知识与创新中心和可持续大数据国际研究中心。中国提出的“一带一路”倡议吸引了141个国家和包括19个联合国机构在内的32个国际组织参与,成为广受欢迎的国际公共产品和构建人类命运共同体的重要实践平台。

  China has taken an active part in the UN’s work on development and vigorously promoted international development cooperation. We have held high the banner of development, been deeply involved in UN efforts on economic development, fully implemented the Millennium Development Goals, and played an active part in the global sustainable development agenda. We have continued to give priority to development and to prioritize development on the global macro-policy agenda. We have called for a development approach that essentially features the pursuit of equitable, open, all-round and innovation-driven development, and stayed committed to building more equitable and balanced global development partnerships. We have advocated building an open world economy, and upheld the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core. We have announced a series of measures for enhancing international development cooperation, which include providing an additional US$3 billion of international assistance over the next three years to help developing countries fight COVID-19 and resume economic and social development, establishing the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund and the FAO-China South-South Cooperation Trust Fund, setting up the Center for International Knowledge on Development, canceling the debt of governmental interest-free loans owed by relevant developing countries, and striving to increase investment in the least developed countries to US$12 billion by 2030. We have also actively supported the UN in establishing, in China, a Geospatial Knowledge and Innovation Center and an International Research Center of Big Data for Sustainable Development Goals. China’s Belt and Road Initiative has drawn the participation of 141 countries and 32 international organizations, including 19 UN bodies, and has become a well-received international public good and an important platform for building a community with a shared future for mankind.

  历经40多年接续奋斗,中国7亿多人摆脱贫困,对世界减贫贡献率超过70%。2021年,中国现行标准下9899万农村贫困人口全部脱贫,提前10年完成联合国2030年可持续发展议程消除绝对贫困目标,为在全球范围内推进2030年可持续发展议程减贫目标、实现可持续发展作出巨大贡献。中国率先发布落实2030年议程的国别方案和两期进展报告,在多个领域实现早期收获。中国积极参与国际减贫合作,推动联合国大会连续3年通过农村减贫决议,发布《消除绝对贫困 中国的实践》减贫案例。主办人类减贫经验国际论坛,展示脱贫攻坚伟大成就和成功经验。不断加大减贫国际合作投入,全面落实习近平主席宣布的“100个减贫项目”等一系列支持发展中国家减贫的重大务实举措。

  After over 40 years of continuous endeavor, more than 700 million people in China have been lifted out of extreme poverty, accounting for more than 70 percent of global poverty reduction. In 2021, China has lifted out of poverty all its 98.99 million rural residents living below the current poverty line, and met ten years ahead of schedule the poverty eradication target set out in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This represents a huge contribution to meeting the poverty reduction goals in the 2030 Agenda and realizing sustainable development globally. China has also taken the lead in releasing one national plan and two progress reports on implementing the 2030 Agenda, and reaped “early harvests” in multiple fields. China has been actively involved in international cooperation on poverty reduction, facilitated the UN General Assembly’s adoption of resolutions on rural poverty reduction for three consecutive years, and released its own poverty reduction case study entitled “Eradication of Extreme Poverty: China’s Practices.” China hosted the International Forum on Sharing Poverty Reduction Experience to showcase its significant achievements and best practice in fighting extreme poverty. We have also steadily scaled up input in international cooperation on poverty reduction, and fully implemented the various major, practical measures for poverty reduction in developing countries, including the 100 poverty reduction programs announced by President Xi Jinping.

  中国始终坚持推进国际人权事业发展。习近平主席指出,中国始终遵循联合国宪章和《世界人权宣言》精神,坚持把人权普遍性同中国实际结合起来,走出了一条符合时代潮流、具有中国特色的人权发展道路,为中国人权进步和国际人权事业作出了重大贡献。联合国宪章明确“重申基本人权,人格尊严与价值,以及男女与大小各国平等权利之信念”。中国与联合国共同致力于尊重和保障人权。

  China has always been committed to advancing the international human rights cause.

  President Xi Jinping has observed that China has acted by the spirit of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and earnestly applied the universality of human rights in the Chinese context. It has blazed a path of human rights development that is consistent with the trend of the times and carries distinctive Chinese features, thus making major contribution to human rights progress in China and the international human rights cause. The UN Charter states the determination “to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person” and “in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small.” China and the UN have been jointly committed to respecting and safeguarding human rights.

  中国积极促进和保护人权,深入参与全球人权治理。加入或批准26项国际人权文书,包括6项核心人权公约,为《发展权利宣言》、《维也纳宣言和行动纲领》等多个重要国际人权文书的制定发挥了建设性作用。深入参与多边人权机制工作,1981年当选人权委员会成员并连选连任,2006年以来五次当选联合国人权理事会成员,三次通过国别人权审议,推动人权理事会通过“发展对享有所有人权的贡献”、“在人权领域促进合作共赢”、“殖民主义遗留问题对享有人权的负面影响”等决议,多次代表发展中国家就“落实发展权”、“减贫促人权”、“促进国际人权合作”、“促进全球疫苗公平分配”等作共同发言,为全球人权治理贡献智慧和力量。同20多个国家和国际组织建立人权对话或磋商机制,致力于在平等和相互尊重的基础上开展人权对话与合作。

  China has worked actively to promote and safeguard human rights, and has participated extensively in global human rights governance. China has joined or ratified 26 international human rights instruments, including six core human rights conventions, and played a constructive role in the formulation of several important international human rights instruments, including the Declaration on the Right to Development and the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action. We have been deeply involved in the work on multilateral human rights mechanisms. China was elected to the Human Rights Commission in 1981 and has since retained its seat through reelection. China has been elected to the Human Rights Council five times since 2006, successfully completed three cycles of Universal Periodic Review conducted by the Council, and facilitated the Council’s adoption of resolutions on the contribution of development to the enjoyment of all human rights, on promoting mutually beneficial cooperation in the field of human rights, and on the negative impact of the legacies of colonialism on the enjoyment of human rights. China has delivered joint statements on behalf of developing countries on multiple occasions regarding such issues as realizing the right to development, promoting human rights through poverty reduction, advancing international human rights cooperation and ensuring equitable global distribution of vaccines, to contribute China’s wisdom and strength to global human rights governance. China has established human rights dialogue or consultation mechanisms with over 20 countries and international organizations, and is committed to carrying out human rights dialogue and cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

  中国推动全球人权治理健康发展,倡导“以人民为中心”的发展思想,坚持把人权普遍性同本国实际相结合,系统推进各类人权,加强国际人权对话与合作,积极推动中国人权进步和国际人权事业发展。中国坚决反对人权政治化和借人权干涉内政,20世纪90年代11次挫败西方一些国家反华人权提案,近年来连续挫败西方一些国家多边人权反华行动。中国坚持为发展中国家仗义执言,维护国际公平正义。

  China has promoted sound development of global human rights governance. We have advocated a people-centered development philosophy, stayed committed to applying the universality of human rights to specific national realities, and advanced all categories of human rights with a systemic approach. We have enhanced international human rights dialogue and cooperation, and worked actively for human rights progress in China and for the advancement of the human rights cause in the world. China is firmly opposed to politicizing human rights and using human rights as a pretext for interfering in others’ internal affairs. In the 1990s, China thwarted 11 anti-China human rights motions tabled by certain Western countries. In recent years, China has foiled a succession of anti-China initiatives on human rights driven by some Western countries in multilateral settings. China has always stood up for developing countries to uphold international fairness and justice.

  中国始终坚持推进社会、卫生、环境、人文等领域国际合作。习近平主席强调,我们应该加强合作,共同应对人类面临的各种挑战和全球性问题。联合国宪章申明“促成大自由中之社会进步及较善之民生”,“促成国际合作,以解决国际间属于经济、社会、文化及人类福利性质之国际问题”。中国与联合国共同致力于应对全球性挑战、提升全人类福祉。

  China has always been committed to promoting international cooperation in the social, health, environmental, and cultural domains.

  President Xi Jinping has stressed the importance of strengthening cooperation and working together to address the various challenges and global issues facing humanity. The UN Charter states the determination “to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom” and “to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character.” China and the UN have been jointly committed to meeting global challenges and promoting the well-being of all humanity.

  中国积极参与全球卫生事务和重大国际卫生行动,大力推进全球抗疫合作,提供国际援助和支持,为受援国应对疫情、发展医疗卫生事业发挥重要作用。面对埃博拉疫情,中国应世界卫生组织号召,向几内亚、利比里亚、塞拉利昂等非洲13国提供防疫物资、粮食和现汇援助,援建检测实验室,派遣医疗队和公共卫生专家驰援非洲,为战胜疫情作出突出贡献。新冠肺炎疫情暴发后,中国及时向世卫组织通报疫情,分享病毒基因序列,接待世卫组织专家组来华,率先加入世卫组织“新冠疫苗实施计划”,先后提供5000万美元现汇援助,积极支持国际抗疫合作。习近平主席在第73届世界卫生大会视频会议开幕式上发表重要讲话,呼吁各国团结合作战胜疫情。中国积极响应联合国发起的全球人道主义应对计划,向150多个国家和国际组织提供物资援助,向200多个国家和地区出口防疫物资,对外共提供了3200多亿只口罩、39亿件防护服、56亿人份检测试剂盒。中国践行将疫苗作为全球公共产品宣示,已向全球100多个国家和国际组织提供了超过16亿剂疫苗,今年全年将对外提供超过20亿剂,正同16个国家开展疫苗联合生产,初步形成7亿剂的年产能,在向“新冠疫苗实施计划”捐赠1亿美元用于向发展中国家分配疫苗基础上,再向发展中国家无偿捐助1亿剂疫苗,为构筑全球疫苗防线作出积极贡献。

  China has been an active part in global health affairs and major international health initiatives. We have vigorously advanced global cooperation on epidemic response, provided international assistance and support, and played an important role in helping recipient countries counter epidemics and develop better medical and health services. During the Ebola epidemic, in response to the call of the World Health Organization (WHO), China provided anti-epidemic supplies, food, and cash assistance to 13 African countries, including Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. China also helped set up testing labs and sent medical teams and public health experts to Africa. These are important contributions that China made to the victory over Ebola. After COVID-19 broke out, China provided timely updates to the WHO, shared the genome sequence of the virus, and received a team of experts from the WHO. China also took the lead in joining the WHO’s COVAX initiative, and has provided US$50 million in cash aid to actively support the global fight against COVID-19. At the virtual opening session of the 73rd World Health Assembly, President Xi Jinping delivered an important statement in which he called on all countries to fight COVID-19 through solidarity and cooperation. China has actively responded to the UN Global Humanitarian Response Plan, by sending aid supplies to more than 150 countries and international organizations, exporting anti-COVID-19 supplies to more than 200 countries and regions, and providing more than 320 billion masks, 3.9 billion protective suits, and 5.6 billion testing kits. China has acted on its commitment to making vaccines a global public good, having already supplied over 1.6 billion doses of vaccines to more than 100 countries and international organizations. For the whole year of 2021, China will have provided over two billion doses to the world. China is also conducting joint vaccine production with 16 countries with an initial annual production capacity of 700 million doses. China has made a US$100 million donation to COVAX for vaccine distribution in developing countries, and will donate, on that basis, another 100 million doses to developing countries to contribute to the global line of defense of vaccines.

  中国积极参与联合国教科文、气候变化、生态环境、妇女、青年、禁毒、难民、移民、海事、民航、电信、残疾人等领域工作,加入有关国际公约并如期提交履约报告。积极应对全球气候变化,作为《联合国气候变化框架公约》首批缔约国,为达成《京都议定书》、《巴黎协定》作出重要贡献。宣布力争2030年前实现碳达峰、2060年前实现碳中和,构建“1+N”政策体系。成功主办《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会、第二届联合国全球可持续交通大会,开启人类高质量发展新征程,推进全球互联互通合作。成功举办联合国第四次世界妇女大会,通过《北京宣言》和《行动纲领》,成为世界妇女发展史上的重要里程碑。同联合国妇女署成功合办全球妇女峰会,并倡议于2025年再次召开全球妇女峰会。

  China has actively participated in the UN’s work on education, science, culture, climate change, environment, women, youth, drugs, refugees, migrants, maritime affairs, civil aviation, telecommunications, and persons with disabilities. We have joined relevant international conventions and reported on the fulfillment of our obligations according to schedule. China has taken active steps to respond to climate change and, as one of the first signatories of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, made important contributions to the conclusion of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement. China has announced its goal of striving to peak carbon emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060, and has put in place a “1+N” policy framework* to that end. China successfully hosted the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Second UN Global Sustainable Transport Conference, helping to put humanity on a new journey of high-quality development and promote cooperation on global connectivity. China successfully hosted the Fourth World Conference on Women, at which the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action were adopted. The conference has become an important milestone in the history of women’s development. China and UN Women successfully co-hosted a Global Summit of Women, and proposed holding another Global Summit of Women in 2025.

  二、新形势下联合国应发挥更加重要的作用

  II. The UN needs to play a more important role under new circumstances.

  习近平主席在第七十六届联合国大会上指出,联合国应该高举真正的多边主义旗帜,成为各国共同维护普遍安全、共同分享发展成果、共同掌握世界命运的核心平台。新形势下,联合国应该在国际事务中发挥更大作用。

  President Xi Jinping pointed out at the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly that the UN should hold high the banner of true multilateralism and serve as the central platform for countries to jointly safeguard universal security, share development achievements, and chart the course for the future of the world. Under the new circumstances, the UN should play a bigger role in international affairs.

  (一)联合国是国际体系的核心,国际法是国际秩序的基础,联合国宪章宗旨和原则是国际规则的根源。维护现有国际体系,就要维护联合国在国际事务中的核心地位;维护现有国际秩序,就要维护国际法的基础作用;维护现有国际规则,就要维护联合国宪章宗旨和原则,这是广大联合国会员国的共识。联合国宪章由全体193个会员国共同签署,也应由全体193个会员国共同遵守,没有也不应该有例外。联合国是获得国际合法性的重要源泉,这种合法性来源于会员国的普遍性和所赋予的国际制度权力,来源于体现在联合国宪章中的共同价值观——宗旨和原则。任何小集团、小同盟、小圈子制定的所谓规则和标准,都不具备合法性、正当性,都不能作为公认的国际规则和标准,更不能强迫其他国家遵守。

  (1) The UN is at the core of the international system. International law is the foundation of international order. And the purposes and principles of the UN Charter are the bedrock of international rules.

  To uphold the existing international system, one must uphold the core position of the UN in international affairs. To uphold the existing international order, one must uphold the fundamental role of international law. To uphold existing international rules, one must uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. This is the overwhelming consensus of UN member states. The UN Charter, signed by all 193 members states, should be observed by all 193 member states. There is and should be no exception. The UN is an important source of international legitimacy. This legitimacy comes from the universality of the organization’s membership and the international institutional power that it brings. It also comes from the common values reflected in the UN Charter, i.e. its purposes and principles. None of the so-called rules and standards formulated by small groups, alliances or blocs have such legality or legitimacy, and none are to be taken as universally recognized international rules or standards, still less be forced upon other countries.

  (二)联合国是维护和践行真正的多边主义核心机制和全球治理主要平台。多边主义要秉持多边原则,体现多边精神。真正的多边主义不是哪一个国家或哪一个集团优先,也不以意识形态划线,更不是以多边之名行单边之实的“伪多边主义”。真正的多边主义坚持共商共建共享原则,以平等相待为前提,以合作共赢为目标,其实质是大家的事大家商量着办,大家的利益大家共同维护。联合国是多边主义理念的产物,也是多边主义实践的平台。在联合国框架下,每个国家的地位都平等,每个国家的声音都重要,每个国家的一票都有效,联合国是全体会员国维护和践行多边主义的大舞台,是实现世界和平与发展的核心机制和平台。全体会员国要共同维护联合国权威,合力巩固联合国在国际事务中的核心地位。

  (2) The UN is a core mechanism for upholding and practicing true multilateralism and the main platform of global governance.

  Multilateralism must adhere to multilateral principles and reflect the multilateral spirit. True multilateralism does not put one country or group of countries first, or draw lines on the basis of ideology, still less practice false multilateralism which is unilateralism under the guise of multilateralism. True multilateralism follows the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits. It is predicated on equality and aimed at mutually beneficial cooperation. It is essentially about handling matters of shared concern through consultation and safeguarding shared interests through joint efforts. The UN is a product of the ideal of multilateralism and a platform for putting multilateralism into practice. Within the UN framework, every country has an equal status, every country has a voice to be heeded, and every country has a vote that counts. The UN is a stage upon which member states uphold and practice multilateralism, and a core mechanism and platform for realizing world peace and development. All member states must work together to uphold the authority of the UN, and make concerted efforts to consolidate its core position in international affairs.

  (三)联合国的初心使命是维护世界和平稳定与发展繁荣。初心易得,始终难守。联合国已经走过76个年头,走得再远,也不能忘记为什么出发。联合国总部大楼前的雕塑“铸剑为犁”和“打结的手枪”时刻提醒我们,要终结战争、禁止杀戮,要把毁灭生命的武器锻造成造福人类的工具;雕塑“破碎的地球”寓意要呵护我们共同且唯一的家园。从千年发展目标到2030年可持续发展议程,联合国秉持的信念是,不让任何一个国家掉队。和平与发展,是联合国的初心和使命,也是联合国的力量之源和目标所系。

  (3) The founding mission of the UN is to safeguard world peace, stability, development and prosperity.

  It is easy to start out on a mission, but not as easy to follow it through. It has been 76 years since the UN was founded. However far it has come, it should never forget why it started in the first place. The two sculptures in front of the UN Headquarters, “Let Us Beat Swords into Plowshares” and “The Knotted Gun,” are a constant reminder that we must end war, stop killing, and turn weapons of destruction into tools that could be used to benefit humanity. Another sculpture, “Sphere Within a Sphere,” carries the message that we must protect the planet that we call our common and only home. From the Millennium Development Goals to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the UN has held fast to the conviction that no country should be left behind. Pursuing peace and development is the UN’s founding mission. It is also a source of strength for the UN and a goal for it to strive for.

  (四)联合国是全体会员国的联合国,要尊重会员国意愿,维护会员国利益,大力弘扬全人类共同价值。要尊重各国人民根据自身国情和实际选择的发展道路,要学会欣赏不同文明、宗教、民族、种族的多元之美、融合之妙,在交流互鉴中各美其美、美美与共,在平等对话中大力弘扬和平、发展、公平、正义、民主、自由的全人类共同价值。在全球性挑战叠加背景下,国际社会应聚焦合作抗击疫情、全球经济复苏、应对气候变化等攸关各国人民切身利益的重大问题,形成共克时艰的强大合力。联合国体现了世界各国人民的共同信念:我们生活在一个小小星球上,我们的安全、繁荣、权利,甚至生存和发展都是不可分割的。联合国属于每一个会员国,要充分发挥它的作用。只要我们同心协力、携手互助,就一定能够建设新型国际关系,构建人类命运共同体。

  (4) The UN belongs to all its member states. It needs to respect the wishes of its members, uphold their interests, and vigorously promote common values of humanity.

  We must respect the development paths chosen by the people of different countries in light of their national conditions and realities. It is important to learn to appreciate the beauty of diversity and interaction among different cultures, religions, ethnicities and races, share the best of what we each have to offer through exchange and mutual learning, and promote humanity’s common values of peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom through dialogue on an equal footing. Against the backdrop of mounting global challenges, the international community needs to focus on issues that are vital to the immediate interests of peoples around the world, such as cooperation against COVID-19, global economic recovery and climate response, and form a great synergy to tide over the difficulties. The UN embodies the shared conviction of people around the world that we live on a tiny planet, and we are inseparable in terms of our security, prosperity, rights and even survival and development. The UN belongs to every member state, and needs to play its role to the full. As long as we work in unison and help each other, we will be able to foster a new type of international relations and build a community with a shared future for mankind.


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