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虚拟现实技术帮助减轻病人手术中的焦虑

分享到: 2020-03-09 13:47:23 BBC英语教学

摘要:Taking the stress out of surgery 虚拟现实技术帮助减轻病人手术中的焦虑

英语大破解

Taking the stress out of surgery 虚拟现实技术帮助减轻病人手术中的焦虑

本集内容

Taking the stress out of surgery 虚拟现实技术帮助减轻病人手术中的焦虑

学习要点

有关 “surgery(手术)” 的词汇

边看边答

What can the patient see when they are on the operating table?

文字稿

Austin Mills is being prepped for surgery after he was knocked off his bike by a car a few weeks ago. He’s wearing a virtual reality headset to distract him as he’s injected with a localised anaesthetic, which means he’ll be awake throughout his operation.

奥斯汀·米尔斯正在接受术前准备。因为几周前,他骑自行车时被一辆汽车撞倒。他戴着一个虚拟现实头盔,以分散他的注意力,因为他的手术是局部麻醉,也就是说他在整个手术过程中都会是醒着的。

Dr Susan Hutchinson, Consultant anaesthetist
Many patients don’t want to hear anything or see anything in theatre. And even if I tell them that there’s going to be no pain, they’re very worried about being awake in the theatre environment. So in the past, we would use sedation to make them sleepy or drowsy and with the VR we don’t need to do that because effectively with sound and sight gone – and they’re in their own little world, they can have nothing at all.

苏珊·哈钦森 麻醉主任医师
“许多病人不想听到或看到手术室里的任何东西。即使我告诉他们不会感到疼痛,他们还是很担心在手术室的环境中醒着。所以在过去,我们会用镇静剂让他们昏昏欲睡,而现在有了虚拟现实,我们不必那样做,因为声音和视觉消失了,他们在自己的小世界里,可以不需要任何镇静药物。”

The only thing Austin will see and hear while on the operating table is the exotic location of his choice.

奥斯丁在手术台上唯一能看到和听到的就是他选择的异域风情。

Voice of Austin Mills, patient
My shoulder moves occasionally to sort of bring me back to reality – but I’ve had no feeling, or whatever, of the actual surgery itself. It’s just, I feel like I’m just sitting by a mountain lake and every now and again somebody tugs on my arm.

奥斯汀·米尔斯 病人
“我的肩膀偶尔会动一下,把我带回到现实中去,但我对手术本身没有任何感觉。只是,我觉得我就是坐在山湖边,时不时会有人拉我的胳膊。”

Orthopaedic surgeon Shamim Umarji is leading this trial in the use of VR headsets.

骨外科医生沙米姆·尤马尔吉领导这项使用虚拟现实头盔的试验工作。

Shamim Umarji, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
If you wheel a patient through to this environment, it’s pretty stressful. And they’re fully awake. They can hear the drills and the conversations that are happening around them, and it’s a stressful environment. Virtual reality is undoubtedly quite an immersive phenomenon.

沙米姆·尤马尔吉 骨外科主任医师
“如果你把病人推到这种环境中,他们会很焦虑,而且他们还是完全醒着的。他们能听到电钻声,还有周围的对话,这是一个让人充满焦虑的环境。虚拟现实无疑给人们提供了一种令人身临其境的感觉。”

Austin Mills, patient
I was really excited when Doctor Umarji approached me and asked me to be part of it, and yeah, it’s been a huge success so I’m really, really happy with it. Apart from my arm that I can’t feel, I feel completely normal.

奥斯汀·米尔斯 病人
“当尤马尔吉医生找到我并邀请我参加这项试验的时候,我非常激动,是的,这是一个巨大的成功,所以我非常满意。除了我的手臂没有感觉之外,其它一切正常。”

Currently, this technology is being used for patients undergoing hand or arm surgery, but it's hoped it could be extended to other types of operations.

目前,这项技术只被用于接受手或手臂手术的病人,但希望此技术的运用在未来能扩展到其它类型的手术。

词汇

prepped 为(患者)做手术准备

localised anaesthetic 局部麻醉

sedation 镇静剂

operating table 手术台

undergoing 经受(令人不快的事情)

问题答案

They can see and hear the exotic location of their choice.

责任编辑:houxiaomeng