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Do animals have emotions? 动物也有情感吗?

分享到: 2022-06-09 17:15:27 BBC英语教学

摘要:随身英语Do animals have emotions? 动物也有情感吗?Play audio file人类有着复杂多样的情感,动物也一样吗?研究表明,不论大小,...

随身英语

Do animals have emotions? 动物也有情感吗?

人类有着复杂多样的情感,动物也一样吗?研究表明,不论大小,每种体型的动物都能体会到某种感受。我们是否应更具同理心?本期 “随身英语” 节目围绕这一问题展开讨论。

词汇:emotions 情感

When you encounter animals, do you wonder what they’re thinking? Seeing a newborn lamb or a cute puppy might stir up happy emotions in us, but what are they thinking? Does the look on their face and how they behave indicate how they’re feeling – or are they feeling nothing at all?

Humans have a complex range of emotions, but it’s hard to tell what’s going on inside the heads of animals, mainly because they can’t verbalise their feelings. Perhaps it’s pets we think we understand most – as they are the animals we spend a lot of time with and therefore get to know best. Some of us own dogs because they are good companions, are loyal and seem to connect with us. We might even think they love us, although love could just be a human emotion. Professor Kim Bard, an expert in comparative developmental psychology from the University of Portsmouth, told the BBC: “We have a few studies now that actually show, scientifically… that [some] dogs will respond with empathetic concern when their owner – but not a stranger – pretends to cry.” The empathetic ability of cats, however, is harder to work out.

Other non-domesticated animals might have feelings too. Giraffes and whales, for example, are known to experience grief when someone in their group dies. Farm animals we often eat, such as cows and chickens, are also believed to experience pain, joy and other emotions. Their wellbeing is now taken into consideration more. And in the UK, new legislation means all vertebrate animals and crustaceans will be recognised in law as sentient beings. It’s believed even tiny creatures like insects might have emotions as well. Research is beginning to show they experience a wide range of feelings. Writing for BBC Future website, Zaria Gorvett says “they can be optimistic, cynical, or frightened, and respond to pain just like any mammal would.”

Dr Barbara J King, Emerita Professor of Anthropology at the College of William and Mary, told the BBC: “If we understand the profound depths of emotions animals can feel, this should make us question the existence of zoos and slaughterhouses around the world, and rethink those systems.” It does seem all creatures feel emotion, but what is not clear is do they feel the same way as us?

词汇表

stir up 激起(情感)
emotion 情感,情绪
feel 感觉
a range of 各种,不同的
verbalise 用语言表达
feelings 情感,感情
companion 同伴,伙伴
connect with 与…合得来,情感相通
empathetic 有同感的,通人情的
concern 担忧
experience 感受,体会
grief 悲痛,悲伤
pain 疼痛,痛苦
joy 喜悦
sentient 有感知能力的
optimistic 乐观的
cynical 持怀疑态度的
frightened 害怕的

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What’s the main reason why it’s not easy to understand how animals are feeling?

2. In an experiment, what did dog owners pretend to do to test their animal’s emotions?

3. Why would a giraffe experience the emotion of grief?

4. True or false? Insects don’t have feelings.

5. Which creatures are being legally recognised as ‘sentient’ in the UK?

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. Looking at the photographs _______ a lot of memories from our wedding day.

emotionalised stirred up verbalised connected with

2. Our boss is _______ – he understands when the work is making us stressed.

frightened sentient empathetic emotional

3. Despite the setback, I’m _______ about the future of our company.

optimistic grief joy cynical

4. My son gets angry when he can’t _______ how he is feeling.

sentient verbalise feeling grief

5. She was filled with _______ when she received the offer from her dream university.

grief empathetic frightened joy

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What’s the main reason why it’s not easy to understand how animals are feeling?
Animals can’t verbalise their feelings.

2. In an experiment, what did dog owners pretend to do to test their animal’s emotions?
They pretended to cry and be upset.

3. Why would a giraffe experience the emotion of grief?
Because someone in their group had died.

4. True or false? Insects don’t have feelings.
False. It’s believed even tiny creatures like insects might have emotions.

5. Which creatures are being legally recognised as ‘sentient’ in the UK?
New legislation in the UK means all vertebrate animals and crustaceans will be recognised in law as sentient beings.

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. Looking at the photographs stirred up a lot of memories from our wedding day.

2. Our boss is empathetic – he understands when the work is making us stressed.

3. Despite the setback, I’m optimistic about the future of our company.

4. My son gets angry when he can’t verbalise how he is feeling.

5. She was filled with joy when she received the offer from her dream university.

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