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Are we born to love learning? 人天生就爱学习吗?

分享到: 2022-11-18 10:03:29 BBC英语教学

摘要:随身英语Are we born to love learning? 人天生就爱学习吗?Play audio file你喜欢学习吗?虽然有些人爱学习,但也有不少人觉得学...

随身英语

Are we born to love learning? 人天生就爱学习吗?

你喜欢学习吗?虽然有些人爱学习,但也有不少人觉得学习枯燥无味。研究表明,如果你觉得一个概念太难或太无聊,学起来也就会更困难。但是,我们生来就会学习,所以好好利用这个天生的能力吧!

词汇:philomath 爱学问的人

Are you the kind of person who hated school? Or are you more like Michael Nicholson, who can't stop learning? He currently has 30 degrees including 22 master's and a doctorate! If you're also passionate about studying, you might be a philomath – a person who loves to learn and study. The word comes from Greek with 'phil' meaning 'a lover of' and 'math' meaning 'learning'.

Humans are all philomaths to an extent – our brain is hardwired to be curious. We want to learn and understand, partly to make sense of the world but also because of something called neoteny. This is a term that refers to the juvenile characteristics of some animals, including humans, being retained into adulthood. One of these traits is neuroplasticity, which helps our brains stay flexible – this gives us the ability to learn throughout our lives. Many creatures which are genetically close to us, like primates, can't do this and only learn during their adolescence.

But for every person who loves learning, there are plenty who can't stand it. Lots of people remember their school days as being boring or even pointless.Why is this? Educational anthropologists have suggested that if a concept or idea is too complex or dull, it becomes harder to link old and new ideas together. If that's the case, we lose motivation and absorb less information. This negative experience of education at school may lead to people avoiding learning opportunities in later life. ­

So, don't let a bad educational experience prevent you learning something new as an adult. Evolution has made us lifelong learners, so take advantage of your biology and discover your inner philomath. Who knows what you could achieve?

词汇表

master's 硕士学位
doctorate 博士学位
hardwired 天生的,本能的
curious 好奇的
neoteny 幼态持续
juvenile characteristics 幼年特征
retain 保留
trait 特征
neuroplasticity 神经可塑性
genetically close 基因相近的
primate 灵长类动物
adolescence 青春期
educational anthropologist 教育人类学家
concept 概念
complex 复杂的
motivation 积极性,动力
absorb 掌握
evolution 进化
lifelong learner 终身学习者

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or False? Michael Nicholson has 22 degrees.

2. Which language does the word 'philomath' come from?

3. Why does the writer say 'humans are all philomaths to an extent'?

4. True or False? Neuroplasticity helps humans learn throughout their lives.

5. Why is it difficult to absorb information that is too complex or dull?

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. A common _______ of children's TV is humour.

philomath characteristic primate concept

2. Some exam questions were very _______. I couldn't answer them.

hardwired flexible complex lifelong

3. He struggles to _______ when he isn't interested in the subject.

retain absorb link learn

4. After four years of studying, she graduated and got her _______.

traits evolution doctorate adolescence

5. The dog was _______ of the new food. He sniffed it before trying it.

curious educational master's pointless

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or False? Michael Nicholson has 22 degrees.
False. He currently has 30 degrees including 22 master's degrees and a doctorate.

2. Which language does the word 'philomath' come from?
It comes from Greek with 'phil' meaning 'a lover of' and 'math' meaning 'learning'.

3. Why does the writer say 'humans are all philomaths to an extent'?
Because our brain is hardwired to be curious.

4. True or False? Neuroplasticity helps humans learn throughout their lives.
True. It helps our brains stay flexible.

5. Why is it difficult to absorb information that is too complex or dull?
Because it becomes harder to link old and new ideas together, so we lose motivation.

2. 选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. A common characteristic of children's TV is humour.

2. Some exam questions were very complex. I couldn't answer them.

3. He struggles to learn when he isn't interested in the subject.

4. After four years of studying, she graduated and got her doctorate.

5. The dog was curious of the new food. He sniffed it before trying it.

责任编辑:xiaozhenzhen