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2022年CATTI笔译:美国国务卿谈《各国人权报告》

2021-09-26 16:04:00来源:网络

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  SECRETARY KERRY: Well, good morning, everybody. Excuse me. I’ve got a

  little allergies this morning, I think.

  克里国务卿:大家早上好。对不起。我想今我天早上有点过敏。

  I’m delighted to be here this morning for the second Human Rights report

  that I have issued as Secretary, and I’m particularly pleased to be here with

  our Acting Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Uzra

  Zeya, who as I think all of you know, is performing these responsibilities in

  the capacity as an interim assistant secretary but who has done just a

  spectacular job and has led the Department in a year-long process to track and

  make the assessments that are reflected here. So I thank her for a job

  particularly well done on this year’s Human Rights Report.

  我很高兴今天上午在这里发布我担任国务卿以来的第二份人权报告,而且我特别高兴与我们负责民主、人权和劳工事务的代理助理国务卿乌兹拉·泽雅(Uzra

  Zeya)一起在这里,我想大家都知道,她是作为临时助理国务卿在履行这些职责,而她做得极其出色,领导国务院在整个一年中跟踪并评估了这里所反映的内容。所以,我向她为今年的人权报告所做的杰出工作表示感谢。

  The fundamental struggle for dignity, for decency in the treatment of human

  beings between each other and between states and citizens, is a driving force in

  all of human history. And from our own nation’s journey, we know that this is a

  work in progress. Slavery was written into our Constitution before it was

  written out. And we know that the struggle for equal rights, for women, for

  others – for LGBT community and others – is an ongoing struggle. And it’s

  because of the courage and commitment of citizens in each generation that the

  United States has come closer to living up to our own ideals

  为尊严、为人类彼此间及国家和公民之间的相互尊重所进行的基本斗争是整个人类历史的推动力。从我国自己的历程中我们知道,这是一项不断进步的工作。奴隶制曾被我国《宪法》(Constitution)允许,后来才被取缔。我们知道,为妇女、为其他人——为男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者(LGBT)等等——的平等权利所进行的斗争是一场持续的斗争。正是由于每一代公民的勇气和奉献,美国日益接近实现自己的理念。

  Even as we come together today to issue a report on other nations, we hold

  ourselves to a high standard, and we expect accountability here at home too. And

  we know that we’re not perfect. We don’t speak with any arrogance whatsoever,

  but with a concern for the human condition.

  在我们今天在这里发布关于其他国家的报告的同时,我们也用高标准要求自己,我们在国内也要问责。我们知道我们并不完美。我们绝不是以任何傲慢的态度,而是出于对人类状况的关怀而发出我们的声音。

  Our own journey has not been without great difficulty, and at times,

  contradiction. But even as we remain humble about the challenges of our own

  history, we are proud that no country has more opportunity to advance the cause

  of democracy and no country is as committed to the cause of human rights as we

  are.

  我们自己的历程并非没有艰难险阻,有时出现过矛盾。但是,在我们对自身历史上的挑战保持谦卑的同时,我们骄傲地感到,没有哪个国家拥有比我们更多的机会推动民主事业,没有哪个国家像我们一样执著于人权事业。

  This year’s report, we think, is especially timely. It comes on the heels

  of one of the most momentous years in the struggle for greater rights and

  freedoms in modern history.

  我们认为,今年的报告来得尤为及时,因为此前是现代历史上争取更大权利和自由的斗争最为汹涌澎湃的年份之一。

  In Syria, hundreds were murdered in the dead of night when a disaster

  occurred at the hands of a dictator who decided to infect the air of Damascus

  with poisonous gas, and many more have been, unfortunately, confined to die

  under a barrage of barrel bombs, Scud missiles, artillery, and other

  conventional weapons.

  在叙利亚,一个独裁者决定在大马士革(Damascus)向空气中施放毒气,造成数百人一夜之间被杀害的灾难,还有更多人在密集的桶炸弹(barrel

  bomb)、飞毛腿导弹(Scud missile)、大炮和其他常规武器之下遭遇厄运。

  In Bangladesh, thousands of workers perished in the greatest workplace

  safety disaster in history.

  在孟加拉国,数以千计的工人在历史上最大的工作场所安全灾难中丧生。

  And from Nigeria to Russia to Iran, indeed in some 80 countries the world

  over, LGBT communities face discriminatory laws and practices that attack their

  basic human dignity and undermine their safety. We are seeing new laws like the

  Anti-Homosexuality Bill enacted by Uganda and signed into law by President

  Museveni earlier this week, which not only makes criminals of people for who

  they are, but punishes those who defend the human rights that are our universal

  birthright.

  从尼日利亚到俄罗斯到伊朗,事实上在全世界约80个国家中,男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者面临着攻击他们基本做人尊严和给他们安全造成危害的歧视性法律和行为。我们看到一些新的立法,如乌干达制定并由穆塞韦尼总统(President

  Museveni)于本周初签署成为法律的《反同性恋法案》(Anti-Homosexuality

  Bill)——不仅基于人身自本特征而将人定罪,而且惩罚那些捍卫我们的普世天赋人权的人。

  These laws contribute to a global trend of rising violence and

  discrimination against LGBT persons and their supporters, and they are an

  affront to every reasonable conscience, and the United States will continue to

  stand with our LGBT brothers and sisters as we stand up for freedom, for

  justice, for equal rights for all people around the world.

  这些法律导致针对男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者和其支持者的暴力和歧视在全球呈现上升趋势。它们在触犯每一个通情达理的人的良知。美国捍卫世界上所有人的自由、公正和平等权利,因此将继续站在我们的男女同性恋、双性恋和变性兄弟姐妹一边。

  And so with this year’s report, we join with many other nations in

  reaffirming our commitment to a world where speaking one’s mind does not lead to

  persecution, a world where practicing or changing one’s faith does not lead to

  imprisonment, and where marching peacefully in the street does not get you

  beaten up in a blind alley or even killed in plain sight.

  因此,通过今年的报告,我们与很多其他国家一起再次重申,我们致力于实现一个表达自己的观点不会招致迫害的世界,一个奉行或改变自己的信仰不会蒙受牢狱之灾的世界,在这样的世界,上街和平游行不会导致在一条死胡同中遭到殴打或甚至在大庭广众之下被杀害。

  So let me be clear. This is not just some high-minded exercise. This is the

  most comprehensive, authoritative, dispassionate, and factual review of the

  state of human rights globally, and every American should be proud of it. That’s

  why Acting Assistant Secretary Zeya of the State Department’s Bureau of

  Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and our embassies and consulates around the

  world have spent countless hours researching and writing these reports, engaging

  activists, talking to governments, and analyzing NGO and media reports. And

  that’s why they capture the attention of dictatorships and democracies

  alike.

  因此,让我明确表示,这不只是某种高尚的使命,这是对全球人权状况最全面、权威、冷静和实事求是的审视,每个美国人都应该对此感到骄傲。这就是为什么国务院民主、人权和劳工事务局(Bureau

  of Democracy, Human Rights, and

  Labor)的代理助理国务卿泽雅和我们在世界各地的大使馆及领事馆花了无数时日研究并起草这些报告、与活动人士接触、与各国政府交谈,并分析非政府组织和媒体的报告。这就是为什么这些报告令独裁政府和民主政府同样关注。

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